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Handling the Ball – Using Hands to Increase Movement Dynamic in Football (iStage 3)


A football player deliberately handling the ball will be seriously punished by the referee. However, the coordination of the hand position not only decides whether players receive a yellow or red card but also influences their ability to move and react dynamically.

The teaching unit ‘Handling the Ball’ examines the impact of the hand positions on the physical activity, acceleration, power, energy and performance of a football player. The students investigate how the pendulum movement of the arms effects the rotational acceleration of the body that results from the leg movement, why the swinging of the arms contributes to a higher jumping by increasing the ‘starting power’ or how the surface of the goal keeper’s body can be enlarged by stretching the arms out.

The experiments introduced are performed with basic materials such as measuring tapes and stop watches as well as with digital support of smartphones and videoanalysis software.

The teaching unit is taken from the brochure ‘iStage 3 - Football in Science Teaching’ from the topic ‘body’. The complete brochure can be ordered free of charge via mail ( or downloaded. It was developed by 20 teachers from 15 countries around Europe. The project was proudly supported by SAP.

Authors: Andreas Meier (DE), Corina Toma (RO)

All additional material for the brochure can be found here.

iStage 3 - Handling the Ball
iStage 3 - Handspiel
iStage 3 - El a kezekkel
iStage 3 - Manejo del balón
iStage 3 - Toucher n’est pas jouer
iStage 3 - Podaj pilke
iStage 3 - Hrátky s míčem
iStage 3 - Bollhantering

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